In Olmstead v. L.C. (1999), the U.S. Supreme Court held that unjustified institutionalization of people with disabilities may constitute discrimination under the Americans with Disabilities Act.
The Olmstead Decision says that people with disabilities have the right to receive long term care services in the most integrated setting appropriate to their needs. For most people, this means living in their own home or other community setting. This has always been the goal of Access Living and the national independent living movement.
Starting in 2005, Access Living and a coalition of public interest organizations and private legal firms working on a pro bono basis brought three landmark class-action cases against the State of Illinois for its failure to implement Olmstead. All three of the cases have been settled and the consent decrees have been approved by the court.
Here is information about the landmark class action cases: