In Olmstead, the Supreme Court ruled that, under the Americans with Disabilities Act, the unnecessary segregation of people with disabilities in institutions is discriminatory.
By 2004, while some states had completely eliminated state-run institutions, Illinois institutionalized nearly 100,000 people with developmental, physical, and psychiatric disabilities.
“The unnecessary institutionalization of people with disabilities is discrimination,” said Marca Bristo, president and CEO of Access Living, which authored “ ‘…shunted aside, hidden and ignored:’ A Blueprint to Implement Olmstead v. L.C. and End the Unnecessary Institutionalization of People with Disabilities in Illinois,” the report jointly released on June 22, 2004 by 14 statewide disability organizations. The report documents Illinois’ poor record and lays out achievable and affordable ways for the State to comply.